Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Promotion amongst Marginalised Communities

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Promotion amongst Marginalised Communities

Geographic coverage Ward No. 29 of Bharatpur Metropolitan City, Ward No. 1 to 11 of Kalika Municipality and Ward No. 1 to 7 of Ichchhakamana Rural Municipality of Chitwan district. (Total Local Levels: 19)
Project duration October 2015 to September 2020 
Budget 689,167 Euro
Funding partner/s  Viva Con Agua/Welthungerhilfe
Target groups 15,355 HHs (77,840 population)



Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Promotion amongst Marginalised Communities in Chitwan is implemented by Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) with financial support from Viva con Agua and Welthungerhilfe (WHH), Germany. The project target communities are marginalised hill communities of Chitwan district where the majority of the population are Chepangs, Gurungs, Tamangs and Magars. The project focuses on achieving seven indicators of total sanitation: i) Regular use of toilet, ii) Proper hand-washing with soap, iii) Safe drinking water iv) Maintenance of personal hygiene and sanitation, v) Proper solid and liquid waste management in and around the home, vi) Safe food and vii) Menstruation hygiene.

The objective of the project is to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation in hilly areas of Chitwan district.
The project's specific objectives are:

  • Community-based user's committees/groups for water and sanitation management are institutionalised and access to water entitlement (Non-discriminatory access to drinking water) is increased.
  • Health and hygiene conditions of children, adolescent and women in the project areas are enhanced.

Expected results

  • Local level WASH governance is strengthened
  • Use of safe and potable drinking water is improved
  • Hygiene and Sanitation practices of the target group are improved

Key achievements

  • Water Resource, Asset Inventory and cost and finance assessment of different scheme of Ichchhakamana RM and Bharatpur-29 was done to know the status of different drinking water supply scheme.
  • 6 Ward-WASH-CC were formed in a different project area in close coordination with the local governments. The Ward-WASH-CC are 100% functional after its formation.
  • 11 events of Water and Sanitation Users' Committee (WSUCs) refresher training were conducted. The members of WSUCs felt the importance of water tariff and started collecting it monthly in their respective areas.
  • 11 events of WASH awareness training to W-WASH CC were conducted. This training enhanced the capacity of local representatives in planning, monitoring and implementation of different WASH related activities.
  • 2 events of capacity development training of local representatives for policy implementation were organized. This training helped for planning, monitoring and implementation of WASH-related activities in their respective wards and municipalities.
  • 12 events of participatory monitoring of service levels through the Community Score Card (CSC) were conducted. The CSC workshop created a platform for both service provider and service receiver to enhance service delivery in their respective wards.
  • 7 events of advocacy workshop on safe drinking water and water safety plan were conducted. The workshop triggered the participants???? about the rights provisioned in the existing laws of Nepal.
  • 23 events of one-day orientation on water quality and treatment were conducted. Participants (WHO?) became aware of the use of safe water and has started practising SODIS and filter.
  • 16 events of School-based WASH awareness campaign were conducted. Students, teachers and members of the School Management Committee started regular campaigns on improved sanitation and hygiene practices in their schools.
  • 21 events of capacity building training of WSUCs were conducted. The training encouraged the WSUC for construction of quality work and also establishment of basic care and maintenance fund after the completion of the project.
  • 48 events of the demonstration on Handwashing were conducted to make aware of 6 most critical times of hand washing.
  • 23 events of rewards and recognition of “the best WASH students of the year” have been done. It has encouraged other student for being neat and clean in school and also in their home.
  • 22 events of different community-led total sanitation campaign were organized.
  • 9 events of one-day training on menstrual hygiene to adolescent girls at different schools were conducted. It helped them to prepare homemade sanitary pad during menstruation.
  • 4 events of two days WASH awareness training to government FCHVs and HWs were organized.

About RRN

Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) is a Nepali non-government, not for profit, social development organisation, initially set up as a small organisation in 1989

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