Community Development Programme (CDP)

Community Development Programme (CDP)

Geographic coverage The programme covers 18 districts: Sunsari, Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusa, Mahotari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara and Parsa of Eastern and Central region and Bajhang, Bajura, Achham, Jajarkot, Kalikot, Jumla, Dolpa, Mugu and Humla of Far and Mid-Western region (10 VDCs of each of the hill/mountain districts and 15 VDCs of each of the Terai districts)
Project duration January 2015  to October 2018
Budget GB£ 19,958,350
Funding partner/s  DFID/Ukaid
Implementing agencies A consortium led by Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) along with the World Food Programme (WFP) and Oxford Policy Management (OPM)  
Target groups The poor and excluded communities of the 18 programme districts



The Community Development Programme (CDP) is an aligned programme of Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) being implemented by the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD). CDP complies with the local government procedures and local government institutions of the government. CDP aims to work on issues, which require increased synergy to address governance and development-related challenges for which the state actors would require external assistance. The conception of CDP, as an integral component of LGCDP, has given a ground to work in liaison with MoFALD at all levels of its operation, particularly with the NGO Facility based within MoFALD, the line ministries and agencies as well as with other stakeholders at the national level.

CDP is being implemented by a consortium led by RRN along with United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and Oxford Policy Management (OPM).


  • To support the systems for strengthening local governance mechanisms,
  • To promote effective citizen participation in local decision-making structures,
  • To provide support to strengthen transparency and accountability mechanisms, and
  • To improve the provision and delivery of public services.

Expected Results

The expected outcome of CDP is "Strengthened, coherent, resilient and inclusive local government systems for effective service delivery".
Following are the expected outputs of this programme:

  • Poor and excluded people empowered to claim their rights and access to the economic opportunity;
  • The structure, systems and processes of the local bodies strengthened to be inclusive, accountable and transparent; and
  •  Improved service delivery for poor and excluded people, including disaster resilient infrastructures.

Key Achievements (As of December 2016)

Social Mobilisation

CDP attempts to reach to the poorest and most marginalised communities through 3,825 Citizen Aware Centres (CACs) during the entire programme period. This year, 3,562 CACs were formed. The CACs have 27 members in average and thus over 96,000 CAC members have been attending REFLECT sessions. What is special about these members is this: over 40% are from excluded communities, about 10% are relatively disadvantaged Janajatis and almost a quarter are Dalits. After 52 REFLECT sessions over a period of 52 weeks, they will be supported for livelihood improvement plans. Significant achievement of CACs is their awareness and empowerment. Aware and capacitated the CACs have organised 3,047 social campaigns in this year. There are numerous initiatives by CACs and changes towards social transformation and development. The participation of CAC members in settlement and ward level planning meeting for FY 2016-17 has noticeably increased.


CDP undertook a number of activities to improve local governance. 18 training events were organised in 18 districts on good governance for district level stakeholders. IPFC members at district level were trained on their roles and responsibilities in 14-step planning process and oriented on gender, social inclusion, rights based approach (RBA), DRR, and public audit in 12 districts. DDCs of 13 districts were supported to conduct orientation on 14-step planning process to line agencies and I/NGOs for harmonisation of the planning process. With support from CDP, DDCs in 11 districts have conducted joint monitoring visits to monitor ongoing infrastructure projects in the districts.

Similar supports have been provided at the Ilaka, VDC and WCF level. Altogether, 183 trainings were provided to IPFC members at VDC level on their roles and responsibilities in 14-step planning process and orientation on GESI, RBA, DRR, public audit. A total of 18 trainings were conducted on good governance to VDC level stakeholders. 172 VDCs were supported to conduct orientation on 14 step planning process to government line agencies and I/NGOs at VDC level for harmonisation of planning process. CDP also supported 21 VDCs to conduct public audit in their infrastructure projects. The existing Monitoring Committees of the 105 VDCs were provided orientation on monitoring mechanism. Further, 203 trainings were organised to train WCF members at Ward level on their roles and responsibilities in 14-step planning process, and on GESI, RBA, DRR & public audit. Good governance trainings at district and VDC levels have helped to develop a common understanding for promoting good governance in respective districts and VDCs and garnered commitment for the same. Both the supply and demand side have been strengthened to promote good governance.

In order to promote, streamline and harmonize development efforts in the districts, CDP supported DDCs to conduct NGO Coordination Committee/NGO Desk and District Social Mobilisation Coordination Committee (DSMCC) meetings. Across the 18 programme districts, 37 NGO Desk meetings and 42 DSMCC meetings were held with support from CDP this year. This support revived the government mechanisms and initiated them towards coordinated and harmonised efforts.


CDP supports the poor and marginalised communities to improve their livelihood and economy mainly through vocational and skills trainings, employment opportunities through infrastructure projects, and a livelihood improvement revolving fund of Rs 100,000 to each of 3,825 CACs. In 2016, a total of 982 people received skill and vocational training. After training, many have labour of their increased salary/wage, some have started their own businesses while some have used the skill for foreign employment. LIP support to CACs are yet to begin. CDP infrastructure projects have created 50,105 employment days.

Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change

CDP supports and strengthens communities and local mechanisms of government to get prepared against disasters and for preservation of environment. CDP not only makes communities aware but also demonstrates and helps them practice disaster resilience. Community people are organised, trained and supported to reduce risks from and manage disasters. They are trained to undertake first aid, light search and rescue works at the time of disasters. Key activities undertaken in 2016 include the following.

A total of 174 participatory vulnerability capacity assessment and hazard mapping were conducted. 49 high-risk communities were supported to develop action plan to prevent and mitigate the disaster risks. After assessment and mapping, 268 community-based disaster risk management committees (CBDRMCs) and VDC level local disaster risk management committees (LDRMCs) were formed or activated. CBDRMCs have started conducting regular meeting at the community level and discuss about DRR issues. They have actively been involved in the formulation of community action plan and preparation of hazard maps. Through 173 training events, these committees received disaster risk management training. As a result, the local structures for disaster risk reduction and management are more active, aware, alert and prepared. Other activities include preparation of DRR mitigation action plans and school contingency plans and establishment of DRR relief fund.

Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

All infrastructures, for instance, school building, community building, health post, water supply system, irrigation system and culverts, are designed and constructed as per building code and other norms and standards developed by the government. The infrastructure schemes are designed and implemented to resist disasters. Skilled workers; quality materials; and participation, contribution and accountability of communities have helped make the infrastructures disaster resilient. Transparency and public audits are practiced to uphold value for money. Pre-financing model with third party monitoring are the special characteristics of CDP in order to ensure the quality and efficiency of CDP-supported infrastructures. Notably, all the infrastructure projects come through the local level planning process of the government; CDP contributes to the government plans.
In this year, a total of 302 infrastructure projects have been approved; of which 64 have been completed, 208 are under construction and feasibility is underway for 30 projects. This has been a good opportunity for the local people to contribute to their income. Infrastructure schemes have benefited approximately 22,754 households. These infrastructures are expected or observed to have improved the service delivery, health, education and economic life.

About RRN

Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) is a Nepali non-government, not for profit, social development organisation, initially set up as a small organisation in 1989

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