Geographic coverage Madi Municipality Ward No: 1, 4,5, 9,10 & 11
Project duration January 2015 to December 2015
Budget € 120,000 (NPR.  1,44,00,000)
Funding partner/s  Bread for the World
Target groups 500 HHs (more than 50% HHs from excluded and marginalised communities representing women, Dalits, Janajatis and Madhesis) Total beneficiaries: 3000 individuals constituting of at least 60% female and 40% male.
Project Leader  



Nepal being a landlocked country has hunger and poverty a predominant rural phenomenon. Recent statistics showed that nearly 96 percent of poor people of Nepal live and work in rural areas. The incidence of poverty in rural areas is extremely high (28.5%) when compared with urban areas (7.6%). Substantial disparities in poverty incidence exist by geographic regions. The High Mountains and Western Hills have a higher percentage of poor than the Terai and eastern parts of the country. In most remote mid- and far- western hill and mountain districts, two thirds of the population is poor, local food production sometimes covers just three months of annual household needs. Further, wide variations in vulnerability to hunger and food insecurity are apparent along class, gender, ethnicity and castes.  35% of Dalit households living in the hills and Terai; 27% of indigenous nationalities living in the hills; and 28% of the total population living in the Terai are food poor, compared to only 12% of Brahmins living in the hills or Terai. 

The rural people who are mostly the smallholders as women, ethnic minorities, dalits, and children are highly suffering from food insecurity and malnourishment and they represent largest section of the population in the country. About six million people or 23% of Nepal’s population is undernourished and malnutrition rates in Nepal is very high because one half of all children under 5 years of age are stunted and 38% are underweight and in an average 24% of all women are undernourished and in some areas this figure again goes to higher.

Adequate legislative framework plays pivotal role in providing legal entitlement and creating conducive environment for progressive realization of right to food for all. However, the Government of Nepal has already ratified all major international human rights treaties and the obligations pertaining with these instruments are directly applicable to the government. Nepal seriously lacks coherence and convergence among national policies and legislations in efforts of achieving food security for all. As a part of Agriculture Development Strategy (ADS), the Government of Nepal has formulated a National Food and Nutrition Security Plan of Action. A number of projects and programs including Feed the Future, Integrated Nutrition Program, and the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) projects are under implementation mobilsing international funds to improve the food and nutrition security in the country.

Therefore, it is highly important at this stage that the state authorities and other stakeholders particularly authorities at different levels (local, regional and national) political leaders and activists as well as those in charge of implementing the relevant legislation, sensitise and understand how to integrate right to food issues in mainstream policies, legislations and institutional practices and ensure the coherence for the effective realisation right to food in Nepal. Hence, RRN in association with RtFN and other stakeholders proposes to undertake this initiative particularly focusing on capacity strengthening of all concerned stakeholders- peasant associations, political leaders and activists; government authorities, especially in the areas of monitoring, developing legislations and strategies for the effective implementation of right to food in Nepal.


Vulnerable communities enjoy with their right to food in Nepal.


Vulnerable communities, duty bearers and other stakeholders are sensitised and enabled to identify gaps and inadequacies in public policies, programs and practices with respect to progressive realisation of right to food. 

Key Achievements

  • Reformed and strengthened district level Right to Food Networks in Banke, Surkhet and Dailekh districts which are now functional.
  • Surkhet district RtFN, DADO, DDC, FIAN-Nepal, RRN including other local CSOs have jointly been preparing district food security strategy. 
  • Group members with RtFN have submitted memorandum during a delegation to DADO officer in all 3 districts.
  • Almost all groups have been registered with District Agriculture Development Office (DADO) establishing a direct linkage   so as to get support from the office.  
  • Enhanced capacity of the group members to raise their own concerns of food insecurity situation at ward/VDC level. 
  • Awareness level and realisation of right to food, food security, effect of climate change in agriculture, government policy and programs to address food insecurity has been increased among the RtFN members, political leaders/activists, media personnel and line agencies' authorities.
  • Political leaders, Integrated Planning Committee members, Ward Citizen Forum, VDC Secretary and other civil society actors have vowed to make integrated plan of VDC/DDC to address the food insecurity condition of the vulnerable people.  
  • Government officials from DADO, DLSO, VDC showed positive response over the plights of the poor people urging them (group members) to visit their office anytime to discuss the issues they would like to share. 
  • All 20 groups including RtFN together submitted a memorandum amid a delegation meeting with DADO officer. 
  • Social activists, local political leaders and government authorities have strongly raised the issue related to protect farm land from using haphazardly to construct houses. 
  • RtfN members, group members, political leaders and government authorities have lauded to work together for the better situation of the poor and vulnerable people. 
  • Local level media (print and electronic) has given attention to cover the day to day food problem of the people. The news published in the newspaper has assisted to draw the attention of the concerned authorities and political leaders as well.     
  • All RtFN are inclusive by caste/ethnicity and gender. 
  • At least 15 groups out of 20 are headed by women.
  • There are 412 women and 106 men in all 20 groups. Similarly, 252 Dalits (excluded community), 100 Brahmin/Chhetri (advanced group), 73 ethnicity (disadvantaged group) and 49 Madhesi groups (marginalised group)