Geographic coverage Madi Municipality Ward No: 1, 4,5, 9,10 & 11
Project duration  July 2011 to June 2016
Budget NPR 4,02,68,197
Funding partner/s  Shapla Neer
Target groups Water prone disaster area/toles of the Madi Municipality
Project Leader  



RRN, in partnership with Shapla Neer, Japan implemented the Disaster Preparedness and Sustainable Livelihood Project (DPSDP) from 2007 to 2010 as the first phase of CIDP in Kabilas and Kumroj VDCs of Chitwan district. The project aimed to reduce the impact of water-induced disasters and carried out various disaster-preparedness and mitigation activities with the local Community Based People's Organisations (CBPOs). Through the implementation of DPSDP, it was learnt that disaster-preparedness and mitigation should be integrated with the livelihood activities to strengthen the community participation.  

Thus, the 'Community Initiatives for Disaster Risk Reduction Project (CIDP) was initiated and implemented in Chitwan from December 2011 as a second phase of DPSDP. The focus of the project is to strengthen the management capacity of the people living in flood prone areas. Therefore, CIDP has devised many activities to raise awareness on Disaster Risk Reductions (DRR) issues and strengthen their capacity.


The overall goal of this project is to reduce disaster risk through strengthening community-based disaster preparedness programmes in water-induced disaster areas in Chitwan District through collaboration between villagers and the government.

Expected Results

  • Disaster and environment related information shared with local communities.
  • Existing coping mechanism against flood at the local level strengthened.
  • Villager's skill to advocate local issues to local government strengthened and became possible to access government resources by themselves. 

Key Achievements

  • 100% of CBPO board and 60% of general CBPO members described hazard map.
  • Out of 12 CBPOs, 5 CBPOs revised their DMP independently. 
  • 7 CBPOs revised their DMP with technical support of RRN.
  • Effective coping mechanism was shared and became common knowledge among all HHs in identified red zone area.
  • The most important two HHs level coping mechanism activities (cutting ropes of livestock and setting important goods and documents in higher places) and used "Go Bag" during flood emergency period was practised by 80% of HHs in identified red zone area.
  • Long-lasting infrastructure maintenance system/emergency fund was functioned.
  • 2 advocacy plans which included "Resettlement and Land Registration Certificate" have been developed and "River master plan" was owned by DDC.
  • The interaction between relevant line agencies and villagers was held periodically.
  • The budget of local government was allocated to the activities for the target communities.

Impact on GESI and Environment

  • The project target area was covered by Janajati and Dalit settlements. Some of the CBPOs were led by women and followed participatory approach. Women and Janajati participation in every activity was appreciative. Besides this, disabled and senior citizens were identified and special care and help were given in the process of evacuation.  
  • Madi Municipality is announced an Eco-municipality. Similarly, plantation support and bio-engineering was regularly practised. Geo-textile used technological infrastructure work was applied.

Lessons Learnt

To reduce disaster risk through strengthening community-based disaster preparedness approach to water induced disaster in various levels in coordination and collaboration between the villagers and the government is an appreciative modality.