Geographic coverage Korak, Siddhakali and Gelu VDCs of Chitawan, Sankhuwasabha and Ramechhap districts respectively
Project duration uly 2012 to August 2015
Budget EUR 1,54,896 (NPR 1,70,38,560)
Funding partner/s  Viva Con Agua and Welthungerhilfe 
Target groups 1100 households belonging to so called lower castes (Dalits), Janjatis, poor and excluded sections of society  
Project Leader  



The project aims to improve water, sanitation and hygiene practices among the community people through different awareness programmes and trainings. Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is the main approach for eliminating open defecation. The community groups and school children both were aware of hygiene and sanitation. WASH action committees, women-WASH action committees, child clubs and youth clubs were mobilised in the sanitation campaigns. There is a strong coordination and collaboration with D-WASH-CC and V-WASH-CC. A number of drinking water supply schemes and point source protection schemes have been constructed and rehabilitated for providing water facilities. Water quality awareness along with different water quality treatment methodologies, like a bio-sand filter and SODIS have been introduced in the project VDCs. Hand washing demonstration, environmental sanitation and personal hygiene were also covered by the project. Different types of IEC materials, including the posters were used to convey sanitation message.  


The overall goal of the proposed project is to contribute to improved water security and community health (MDGs 1 and 7) in selected States of India and Nepal and to complement Government policies and programmes. 

The project purposes are: 1) Water, sanitation and hygiene practices of the community in selected areas of Nepal and India are improved, 2) Processes and mechanisms for community management of water-related resources are institutionalised and access to entitlements is increased. 

Expected Results

The project has four result areas. Activities corresponding to each result area are given below:

  • Community-based institutions for water management are formed and strengthened.
  • Access to safe and potable drinking water is improved.
  • Hygiene and sanitation practices of target group are improved.
  • Capacities of Welthungerhilfe and partner staff in WASH and advocacy for community rights are improved.

Key Achievements

Key achievements of the project are as follows:

  • 90% of total households of three VDCs are using the toilets at their homes. 75% of community people wash hands at critical times (3 before eating, feeding and preparing food and 3 after using toilets, handling dirty things and cleaning children’s bottom after toilet).
  • 778 households and 828 school children get safe and potable drinking water from the construction of 9 drinking water supply schemes and 6 spring source protection schemes. 
  • S566 households of the cluster have improved cooking stoves after they received training from the project.

Lessons Learnt

  • Education and awareness are very crucial for improvement in hygiene and sanitation condition.
  • For effective implementation and sustainability of work, coordination and collaboration with government line agencies and other relevant stakeholders are very important.
  • Behavioural change in hygiene and sanitation takes long time and effort.