An aligned programme of Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) under the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, Community Development Programme (CDP) reaches the most marginalized and vulnerable communities of the most challenging 18 districts. Women are the primary beneficiaries of the programme because community awareness centres (CACs), women's learning and working teams, are composed mostly of women. Almost 95% of the CAC members are women. Awareness, social and economic engagement, skill trainings and livelihood supports primarily reach to women. Thus, CDP makes significant contribution to improving the lives of women from most poor, marginalized and disadvantaged section of the society. 

While 9 CDP districts are from mid-western and far-western hill/mountain region, other 9 districts are from eastern and central Terai bordering India. Both of these regions have their own specific sets of problems relevant to women. In case of hill/mountain districts, socio-cultural malpractices such as Chhaupadi (a social practice in which menstruating women are banished to cattle sheds), domestic violence, child marriage and polygamy add to the geographical remoteness, poverty and lack of public services. On the other hand, women in Terai are confined within rigid social boundaries which are caused by multiple reasons including lack of education, awareness and conservative practices. Dowry, child marriage, witchcraft, violence and discrimination against women and alcoholism among males are a few reasons that increase to the suffering of women in Terai. 

The CACs have been good reasons for women in the working districts to come together, talk about the issues, challenges and opportunities that impact their lives and to reflect on their situation and environment. Aware and supported through the REFLECT sessions, the women are better organized and capable to initiate activities and campaigns to come out of the social boundaries, empower them and access the services and resources entitled to them. 

There are already good results from empowerment of women: realization of social problems and desire to come out of them, increased vital registration, meaningful participation in the local level planning process, decrease of social malpractices, increased hygiene and sanitation practices. They have been able to claim and receive social security allowances. When it comes to issues directly related to women, the CACs have so far organized 2,825 social campaigns on issues that include violence against women and girls, alcoholism, child marriage, Chhaupadi, sanitation and hygiene, and caste-based discrimination (untouchability). 

CDP has so far formed around 3,800 CACs in which more than 100,000 women are associated with these CACs as members. Each of these CACs will be provided Rs. 100,000 as livelihood grant when they mature after 52 REFLECT sessions. To facilitate the reflect sessions of these CACs, 3,500 women are engaged as local resource persons. Likewise, 558 women have received vocational and skill trainings. The disaster resilient public infrastructure completed or under construction so far, will directly benefit at least 80,000 women and girls. Infrastructure projects also provide them with employment opportunities. Besides, the engagement of women in user committees is expected to provide opportunity to women for exposure, participation and leadership. These interventions are also expected to contribute to increased access to and control of both public and private resources. 


Particulars Number
CDP districts 18
CACs formed 3,800
Women CAC members 100,000
Female LRPs 3,500
Women who have received vocational and skill trainings 558
Social campaigns on issues directly associated to women 2,825